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Ordained by a New Calendar Bishop?

by Anastasios Hudson on October 31st, 2014

Part of my ongoing Correspondence series, featuring replies to people who contacted me and asked questions.

Based on your research, Is it true that one of the ordaining bishops of Metropolitan Petros was with the “New Calendar but under the ROCOR” like I have read?

You’re getting things mixed up a bit—Metropolitan Petros was ordained by ROCOR Bishop Seraphim of Caracas and Archbishop Leonty of Chile.

Archbishop Akakios (Pappas)

Archbishop Akakios of the GOC

The ordination you are referring to is that of Archbishop Akakios, who was ordained for Greece while traveling to America (the only way he could get out of Greece was because he was going for cancer treatment, I believe, as Old Calendarists were forbidden to travel internationally at that time). Archbishop Seraphim of Chicago agreed to do the consecration, but they needed a place to do it and a second bishop, so Bishop Theofil (Ionescu) agreed to help.

Bishop Theofil (Ionescu) had left the Romanian Patriarchate because of Sergianism, and applied to ROCOR, which accepted him, on the condition that he return to the Old Calendar. They gave him some time to do this, since there were pastoral concerns. Archbishop Akakios did not know that Bishop Theofil was on the New Calendar, until he arrived at the cathedral and saw Christmas decorations up. He protested, and the situation was explained to him. Archbishop Seraphim was the primary consecrator anyway since he was the senior hierarch, so the “succession” comes from him, but he read a forgiveness prayer over Bishop Theofil first to calm Archbishop Akakios’s conscience.

Archbishop Leonty (Filippovich) of ROCOR

Archbishop Leonty (Filippovich) of ROCORhelped him ordain the rest of the GOC bishops of the restored Synod.

After the ordination, Archbishop Leonty of Chile met Archbishop Akakios in Greece, where he helped him ordain the rest of the GOC bishops of the restored Synod.

Our argument is that the unilaterial adoption of the New Calendar is a schismatic act, and that the underlying reasons were ecumenistic, but we do not make the argument that the New Calendar per se is heretical—except perhaps for the most extreme among the Matthewites. As such, the ROCOR allowing it out of economy in the case of a bishop fleeing heresy, who needs time to acclamate his flock, is not the same thing as a bishop switching to the New Calendar himself in order to be in sync with the world. When Bishop Kyrill of the Bulgarians under ROCOR did just this in the 1970s, ROCOR told him to go back to the Old Calendar, “or else.” When he did not comply, they cut him off from communion, at which point he went to the OCA.

Anastasios Hudson profile pic

Anastasios Hudson is an Orthodox Christian author, speaker, and web developer living in Reston, Virginia. He is the author of Metropolitan Petros of Astoria: A Microcosm of the Old Calendar Movement in America (2014). Your purchase of this book, which is available at the low price of 7.99 (print) and 4.99 (eBook) will help him support his family! His personal website is and his Facebook page is located here.

From → Correspondence

  1. Thomas S. Deretich permalink

    If I remember correctly, numerous sources state that it was Archbishop Seraphim of Chicago who was the chief consecrator of Archbishop Akakios Pappas.

    • Anastasios Hudson permalink

      You’re right! I was tired and writing quickly, and got confused. I’ve corrected it above. Should have noticed it before publishing, since I did write a book partly on this subject 😛 But it gets confusing when so many bishops have the same names. That kind of worked in our favor, though, when the Greek police arrested Metropolitan Leonty of the Metropolia instead of Archbishop Leonty of Chile, who were both in Greece at the same time!

      BTW, would you be willing to send me a copy of your article against the GOC-ROCA union?

  2. Kaloyan Ivanov permalink

    Dear Anastasios,

    I’m really wondering how the Florinites can justify their Confession of Faith with ordinations from ROCOR?

    Everybody knows that ROCOR was in communion with New calendarists until the late 60’s. According to the 1935 Confession of Faith – ROCOR is outside the Church, because of the full communion with new calendar schismatics.

    Even in the 70’s the ROCOR’s hierarchs have never managed to admit new calendarists being graceless.

    How could you possibly keep the 1935 Confession of Faith then?

    • Jason permalink


      From the joint statement made by the GOC Kallinkos synod and the former Synod in Resistance, it appears that there is a desire to move away from the 1935 statement altogether. While those claiming to carry on the Florinite faction did reaffirm the 1935 statement in 1950, 1974, etc., it appears that the old “adoption of the New Calendar = in schism and without grace” is not longer something they want to stand behind.

      • Anastasios Hudson permalink

        I am at a loss for how you can come to that conclusion, from reading the texts.

        • Jason permalink

          Well, for starters, in the “joint statement” there is no mention made of the 1935, 1950, and 1974 statements which say that the Church of Greece was deprived of grace and became schismatic with the adoption of the New Calendar. These past statements, of course, have been historically divisive so it is interesting to see that they are neither referenced, nor are their contents affirmed, by the joint statement. That is why I say that it appears they are trying to distance themselves from these statements.

      • Kaloyan Ivanov permalink

        True Old calendar ecumenists. 🙂

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